Tuesday, January 31, 2012

World Health Organization

"Up to half of all tobacco users will die from a tobacco-related disease."  The World Health Organization came up with MPOWER.  M stands for "Monitor tobacco use and prevention policies."  P stands for "Protect people from tobacco smoke."  O stands for "Offer help to quit tobacco use."  W stands for "Warn about the dangers of tobacco."  E stands for "Enforce bans on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship."  R stands for "Raise taxes on tobacco."  "Tobacco continues to kill nearly 6 million people each year, including more than 600,000 non-smokers."  Showing pictures, not only words on cigarette boxes and by publicizing the ill effects of tobacco use, people are less likely to smoke.  There is a plethora of information in this report.  I will definitely use this as a source in my paper and I'll probably use it in the statistics sheet and public service announcement.

World Health Organization. (2011). WHO report on the global tobacco epidemic, 2011: Warning 
     about the dangers of tobacco. Retrieved from

Cigarette Advertising

The current cigarette warning label controversy started with the passage of the FDA Tobacco Regulation Bill.  This bill gives the FDA an enormous amount of power over the tobacco industry.  The FDA can control "product ingredients, overrule new products and eliminate potentially misleading labels."  The first tobacco advertisement in the United States was in New York in 1789.  The U.S. Surgeon General, Luther Terry, released his Advisory Committee Report on Smoking and Health in 1964.  This was the first step to controlling or at least limiting the tobacco companies power.  Some of the new restrictions of the bill are that tobacco companies cannot advertise within 1,000 feet of schools and playgrounds, warning labels can cover 50% of the cigarette box and tobacco companies can no longer produce sweetened and spiced-flavored cigarettes.  I may use this article as a source, especially if I discuss the origins of the cigarette warning label controversy.

James, R. (2009, June 15). Time. Retrieved from

Graphic cigarette labels, will they work?

The FDA said that it will begin requiring tobacco marketers to cover the top half of cigarette boxes and 20% of tobacco advertisements with nine graphic images.  This is the biggest anti-tobacco effort since 1965.  The goal is to stop the nation's 43 million smokers from smoking and to prevent others, especially teens from starting.  "These labels are frank, honest and powerful depictions of the health risks of smoking," said Health and Human Services Secretary Kathleen Sebelius.  "With these warnings, every person who picks up a pack of cigarettes is going to know exactly what risk they're taking."  Cigarette consumption has remained at about 21% since 2003.  In 2009, 23.5% of men and 17.9% of women smoke.  In 2009, 25.2% of twelfth graders smoked.  Not everyone thinks that the labels will work.  Some people believe that the labels will affect children more than adults, others are indifferent and others think that it won't make a difference at all, that it is in fact discrimination.  There are some good statistics in this article, I definitely think that I will use this article as a source in my paper.

Strauss, G. (2011, June 22). Graphic cigarette labels, will they work. USA Today. Retrieved from

FDA Appeals Block on Cigarette Warning Labels

The District Judge Richard Leon order that blocked cigarette graphic warning labels is being appealed by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.  Not only is the FDA putting graphics on the cigarette boxes, they are also writing short facts, such as "cigarettes cause cancer."  The United States was the first country to require health warnings on tobacco products.  However, according to Dr. Eden Evins, countries such as Canada and Australia make the U.S. cigarette warning labels seem tame.  Evins said "...one in every two smokers will die from smoke-related illnesses."  I will use some of the information from this article in my research paper.

Salahi, L. (2011, November 30). FDA appeals block on cigarette warning labels. ABC News. 
     Retrieved from http://abcnews.go.com/Health/Wellness/fda-appeals-block-cigarette-warning-